Interest rates rise at fastest pace for over 30 years

The Bank of England Monetary Policy Committee has raised rates to 1.25%. Rates were just 0.1% at the beginning of December last year, so it’s the fastest that rates have risen over a 6-month period since 1988.

“After five rate rises in six months, we’re seeing the fastest cumulative rate rise since the end of 1988 – and it’s not over yet. The Bank of England now expects inflation to peak at an incredible 11% in October. It estimates that at that point the energy price cap will rise an eye-watering 40%, and that once the government’s cost-of-living payments kick in, they’ll add another 0.1 percentage points to inflation. So while the Bank has to wrestle with the opposing forces of trying to avoid damaging the economy and keeping a lid on inflation, it’s going to have to keep raising rates in the months to come.

It has taken a long time for higher rates to feed through into the savings and mortgage markets, but deals have started creeping northwards. For savers, making the most of the rises means considering both the providers and the corners of the market where the best deals are on offer. For mortgage borrowers, meanwhile, whether you’re on a variable rate and facing another horrible hike, or on a fixed rate and worrying about what happens when it comes to an end, shopping around is key.

Anyone on a variable rate mortgage will be braced for impact again, as a fifth rise in six months kicks in. If you’re one of the 1.1 million people on a standard variable rate mortgage, or one of the 850,000 with a tracker, it’s going to hurt. Someone with a £300,000, 25-year, repayment mortgage on the average SVR could see their monthly payments go up by over £40 a month.

Three quarters of mortgage holders are protected by a fixed rate deal, so the rises will take a while to filter through. However, when their mortgage expires, they’re in for a nasty shock. According to Moneyfacts, the current average two-year fixed rate deal is 3.25% – up 0.96 percentage points from November and the average five-year fixed rate mortgage is currently 3.37%, up 0.78 percentage points.

Not all mortgages are rising as quickly as the Bank of England base rate, because the big banks are still sitting on so much lockdown savings that they can afford to fund cheaper deals. So for the dedicated mortgage hunter, there are still some affordable mortgages around.

Even among those banks who are hiking rates, the threat of a recession lurking further down the line means rate expectations are lower when you look a few years down the track. It means banks are expecting rates to rise, then fall, so they’re offering plenty of cheap five-year mortgages. As a result, the gap between the rates on two-and five-year fixes has narrowed significantly, so it’s worth considering fixing for longer if you want to have more certainty over your outgoings in the years to come.

If you’re on a variable rate, you might want to fix sooner rather than later. With rates set to keep rising this year, the longer you leave it, the more you’ll pay. If you have a fixed rate mortgage with six months or less left on your current deal, you can apply for a remortgage rate today, and lock in a deal in case rates rise again. If you have longer until your fix comes to an end, there’s time to plan for how you’ll cover the extra costs.

Ideally, you’ll be able to track down costs to cut elsewhere in your budget, to free up more cash for your mortgage. You could even do that now and overpay on your mortgage, to limit the impact of future rate rises. If you’ve cut every cost possible, when the time comes you may be able to extend your mortgage, so your monthly payments are still manageable. However, this will mean paying more interest over a longer period, so it comes at a cost.

There hasn’t been much good news since the May forecast. The Bank now expects inflation to be even higher, and peak at an incredible 11% in October, so the horrible squeeze on all our finances is here to stay. Much of this is down to another unspeakable rise in the energy price cap – which it now expects to be around 40%.

At the same time, another set of weaker GDP data means the Bank now expects growth to drop 0.3% between April and June – so we’ll see a shrinking economy far earlier than it expected in May – when the first falls were expected at the end of the year.

It means we’re set to enter stagflation – where we get higher inflation alongside a shrinking economy, which means the bank has to tread an impossible balance between raising rates enough to keep a lid on inflation, without raising them fast enough to make economic woes even worse.

The majority of the committee voted for a 0.25pp rate rise, but a minority voted for 0.5pp, which is a strong indication that while there’s a delicate balance to be struck, this is highly unlikely to be the last of the rate rises. The market is now pricing in a rise to 2.9% at the end of the year and to 3.3% in 2023, and while this may be a bit punchy, it’s a strong indication of the direction of travel”. Said Sarah Coles, senior personal finance analyst, Hargreaves Lansdown.